Solomiia Krushelnytska, [KruSel'nyc'ka, Solomija], born 23 September 1872 in Biliavyntsi, Buchach county, Galicia, died on 16 November 1952 in Lviv.
World-famous singer (dramatic soprano).
Upon graduating from the Lviv Conservatory (1893), where she studied under W. Wysocki, she made her debut with the Lviv Opera as Leonora in G. Donizetti's La favorita and went to Milan to study under F. Crespi (1893-6).
From 1896 she performed with most of the great opera companies of Europe and South America:
- Odessa (1896-7)
- Warsaw (1898-1902)
- St Petersburg (1901-2)
- Paris (1902)
- Naples (1902, 1904)
- Rome (1904-5)
- Milan (La Scala, 1898, 1904, 1907, 1909, 1915)
- Buenos Aires (1906, 1908, 1910-13).
Her performance as Aida (1903) was a triumph, and her rendition of the title role in G. Puccini's Madame Butterfly in 1904 contributed to its admission to the world repertoire.
Because of her and A. Toscanini, R. Strauss's Salome was a great success at La Scala (1906).
In 1915 she sang the title role in the world premiere of I. Pizzetti's Fedra at La Scala.
Her operatic repertoire numbered close to 60 roles, including the title roles in
- R. Strauss's Salome and Elektra
- Briinnhilde in R. Wagner's Die Walkiire
- Isolde in R. Wagner's Tristan and Isolde
- Ponchielli's La Gioconda
- S. Moniuszko's Halka.
Many of the performances in which she starred were conducted by A. Toscanini.
Krushelnytska combined a colourful voice of great range (three octaves) with a fiery temperament and enormous acting ability.
In the mid-1920s she turned from opera to concert recitals.
Her concert repertoire included works by
- C. Monteverdi
- C. Cluck
- W. Mozart
- M. Mussorgsky
- M. Lysenko
- D. Sichynsky
- S. Liudkevych.
She enjoyed performing Ukrainian folk songs to her own piano accompaniment.
Returning to Lviv in 1939, she taught solo singing at the L'viv Conservatory (1944-52).